Many people have heard the word glaucoma but it is often poorly understood. Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness in the world (including the US). It is not one eye disease, but rather a group of eye conditions that result in optic nerve damage. Abnormally high pressure in your eye usually causes this damage.
With the most common form of glaucoma (open angle) there are typically no symptoms. Usually, no pain is associated with the increased pressure. But it can damage your vision so gradually you may not notice any loss of vision until the disease is at an advanced stage
Risk: Everyone is at risk from glaucoma, there are no age limitations. Increased age increases the risk but 1 in 10,000 babies born in the U.S. are born with glaucoma.
At this time there is no cure for glaucoma and vision that is lost due to the disease cannot be regained. With medication and/or surgery, it is possible to halt vision loss or continued loss. Since it is a chronic condition, it must be monitored for life. Diagnosis is the key. This is the first step to preserving your vision.